The order, which also addressed Moldova, described Russia’s foreign policy at the time, assuming that it would have stronger ties with the EU and the US.
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Tuesday, President Vladimir Putin withdrew a directive from 2012 that, in part, supported Moldova’s sovereignty in deciding the fate of the Transnistria area, a separatist enclave backed by Moscow that borders Ukraine and where Russia maintains soldiers.
The order, which also addressed state, described Russia’s foreign policy at the time and presupposed that Moscow would have greater ties to the US and the EU.
The decision was made to “secure the national interests of Russia in accordance with the substantial shifts taking place in international relations,” according to the order cancelling the 2012 document, which was published on the Kremlin’s website.
It is one of several anti-Western actions Putin outlined on Tuesday.
The cancellation did not imply that Putin was giving up on the idea of Moldovan sovereignty, according to Alexandru Flenchea, the chairman of the joint control committee for the country in the security zone surrounding Transdniestria.
According to Flenchea, the decree “is a policy instrument that executes the concept of Russia’s foreign policy.” “Moldova and Russia have a fundamental political agreement that calls for respect for each other’s nations’ territorial integrity.”
According to the Kremlin, relations between Russia and Moldova, which last week chose a new pro-Western prime minister who promised to pursue an EU membership campaign, were extremely strained. Moldova was charged with having an anti-Russian agenda.
This country, one of Europe’s poorest countries situated between Romania and Ukraine, has been under President Maia Sandu’s strong U.S. and European Union support since 2020. On Tuesday, US Vice President Joe Biden met with her in Poland to express his support.
In accordance with the 2012 decree, Russia was obligated to look for solutions to the separatist problem “based on respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and neutral status of the Republic of Moldova in defining the special status of Transnistria.”
Moldova in history
In 1990, one year before the fall of the Soviet Union, the Transdniestrians who spoke Russian broke away from the country out of concern that it would combine with Romania, with which it has a close linguistic and cultural affinity.
In 1992, the newly formed Moldova engaged the separatists in a brief battle. Yet, there hasn’t been much violence over the past 30 years, and Russian “peacekeepers” are still stationed in the tiny patch of unrecognised territory.
The foreign ministry of this stated that it would “seriously review” the letter.
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