Nepal’s ruling coalition was in turmoil on the Saturday, when the PM said that he would support a presidential candidate from an opposition party ,the decision that prompted the deputy PM Lingden and other 3 ministers to resign.Nepal is set to choose it’s 3rd president on March ,9. Paudel from Nepal congress party was suppported by the PM for the presidential post, instead of supporting his own presidential candidate from the communist unified Marxist leninist(UML) party .
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Rajendra Lingden who is the Deputy PM from the Rashtra prajatantra party sent his resignation to the PM alongwith 3 other MPS including the RPP’S chairman and the other two.However ,RPP has not officially withdrawn it’s support to the govt.Parliamentary elections were held in November 2022 , Prachnada was sworn in as the 3rd Pm of the country on December 26.
Paudel was backed by 8 political parties for the post of the president.Lingden who is the minister of Energy ,water resources, irrigation said that the coalition under which they joined is no more in tact, and it would not be proper for them to continue in the govt.However ,the Pm has not yet accepted their resignation.
From the very beginning, Nepal has been seen as having an unstable government since 2008, when it became a republic after abolishing its monarchy, which was 239 years old.
Democracy and monarchy in Nepal:
Nepal was a Hindu kingdom in the past and then a constitutional monarchy in the modern period for many years. Throughout this period, political parties and the common people of Nepal have wanted a more open and responsive system of government. But the king, with the help of the army, retained full control over the government and restricted the expansion of democracy in Nepal.
The king accepted the demand for a new democratic constitution in 1990, in the wake of a strong pro-democracy movement. However, democratic governments had a short and troubled career. During the nineties, the Maoists of Nepal were successful in spreading their influence in many parts of Nepal. They believed in armed insurrection against the monarch and the ruling elite.
This led to a violent conflict between the Maoist guerrillas and the armed forces of the king. For some time, there was a triangular conflict among the monarchist forces, the democrats and the Maoists. In 2002, the king abolished the parliament and dismissed the government, thus ending even the limited democracy that existed in Nepal. In April 2006, there were massive, country wide, prodemocracy protests.
Seven Party Alliance(SPA) :
The Seven Party Alliance (SPA) was a political alliance in Nepal formed in 2006.
The struggling pro-democracy forces achieved their first major victory when the king was forced to restore the House of Representatives that had been dissolved in April 2002. The largely non-violent movement was led by the Seven Party Alliance (SPA), the Maoists and social activists. Nepal’s transition to democracy is almost complete. Nepal has undergone a unique moment in its history because it formed a constituent assembly to draft the constitution for Nepal. Some sections in Nepal thought that a nominal monarchy was necessary for Nepal to retain its link with the past.
The Maoist groups agreed to suspend armed struggle. They wanted the constitution to include the radical programmes of social and economic restructuring. All the parties in the SPA did not agree with this programme. The Maoists and some other political groups were also deeply suspicious of the Indian government and its role in the future of Nepal. In 2008, Nepal became a democratic republic after abolishing the monarchy. In 2015, it adopted a new constitution.