Its ironic how while Pakistan burns with economic crisis, recession and volition of basic human rights, yet it still continues to blame India on petty issues.
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The relationship between India and Pakistan has been strained since the partition of British India in 1947, which created the two countries. The two countries have had a history of conflict, including three major wars in 1947-48, 1965, and 1971, as well as numerous minor conflicts and skirmishes. The root of the tension lies in the historical, political, and religious differences between the two nations.
The history of India and Pakistan is intertwined, dating back to the Mughal Empire, which ruled over the region for centuries. The British colonial rule that followed, however, created separate identities and communities for Hindus and Muslims, which ultimately led to the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan. The traumatic events of partition, including the forced migration and displacement of millions of people, have left a lasting scar on both nations and continue to shape their relationship.
India and Pakistan have different political systems and ideologies, which further exacerbates their tensions. India is a secular democracy with a diverse population, while Pakistan is a Muslim-majority country with a history of military rule and political instability. India accuses Pakistan of supporting militant groups that launch attacks on Indian soil, while Pakistan alleges that India is supporting separatist movements in its territory.
The religious differences between the two countries have played a significant role in their strained relationship. India is predominantly Hindu, while Pakistan is primarily Muslim. There have been several instances of communal violence in both countries, with minorities being targeted on religious grounds. The two countries have also been at odds over the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir, which has a Muslim-majority population but is controlled by India.
Despite the numerous attempts at diplomacy and peace talks, the relationship between India and Pakistan remains tense. Both countries have nuclear weapons, and any escalation of hostilities between them could have catastrophic consequences for the region and the world. However, there have been some recent positive developments, such as the opening of the Kartarpur Corridor in 2019, which allows Sikh pilgrims from India to visit a holy site in Pakistan. It remains to be seen whether such small steps can lead to a lasting resolution of the tensions between the two nations.
The Kashmir conflict is a long-standing territorial dispute between India and Pakistan over the region of Jammu and Kashmir, which is located in the northernmost part of the Indian subcontinent. The conflict dates back to 1947 when India and Pakistan gained independence from British colonial rule and the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was given the choice to join either India or Pakistan.
Initially, the region’s ruler decided to remain independent, but later, as Pakistani forces invaded the territory, he acceded to India. This led to the first India-Pakistan war in 1947-48, which resulted in a ceasefire line, known as the Line of Control (LoC), being established between the two countries in the region.
Since then, the conflict has remained unresolved, with both India and Pakistan claiming sovereignty over the entire region. The issue has been a major source of tension between the two countries and has led to multiple wars, insurgencies, and cross-border skirmishes.
The people of Kashmir, particularly those living in the Indian-administered part of the region, have also been affected by the conflict. There have been allegations of human rights abuses by both Indian security forces and militants operating in the region.
Efforts to resolve the conflict through dialogue and diplomatic channels have been largely unsuccessful. However, in recent years, there have been some positive developments, such as the opening of cross-border trade and travel routes, and the initiation of talks between the two countries.
“Put your own house in order…” says MEA
When Pakistan Foreign Minister brought out the matter of Jammu and Kashmir and claimed that it was still being “occupied” by India, MEA Secretary Jagpreet Singh delivered a strong message against Pakistan on the platform of the UN Security Council by stating that its neighboring state must first put its own country in order before accusing India of human rights violation.