In an effort to resist international pressure to extradite Russian President Vladimir Putin, who is wanted by the International Criminal Court on suspicion of war crimes, South Africa may decide to renounce its role as host of this year’s Brics conference.
In a frenzy of diplomatic activity surrounding Ukraine, South Africa is attempting to win backing for a new peace plan alongside five other African nations. Cyril Ramaphosa, the president of South Africa, briefed Chinese President Xi Jinping on the impending trip of African leaders to Russia and Ukraine in an effort to halt tensions on Saturday. It is unclear how the Africa mission will add to China’s ongoing peace endeavour.
South African Peace Plan
Zambia, Senegal, the Republic of the Congo, Uganda, and Egypt have all agreed to join Ramaphosa’s peace delegation.
Pretoria would be compelled to detain Putin and then deliver him to The Hague for trial as a signatory to the Rome law, the agreement that establishes the court.
Some South African officials have suggested giving the summit to Beijing since China and India, if they hosted the meeting, would not have the same commitment. Brazil, the fifth member of Brics (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa), is a party to the case as well and is therefore in a similar situation as South Africa.
By holding a peace conference in July, perhaps in Denmark, Ukraine intends to take advantage of the abundance of peace plans emerging from the global south and lay out its demands for a peace agreement.
By then, Ukraine hopes its counteroffensive will have altered the nature of the conflict and convinced the global south that Russia must withdraw from Ukraine in order to stop additional carnage. Lars Lkke Rasmussen, the foreign minister of Denmark, has previously expressed his willingness to host such a gathering
Image Source Hindustan Times
Ukraine towards NATO membership
In an extraordinary address this month in Bratislava, Macron recommended guarantees to Ukraine that are comparable to those offered by the US to Israel.
He stated that Ukraine should be provided with “a path towards membership” and said that it deserved “strong, concrete and tangible” security guarantees. Scholz, though, adopted a different stance when he declared last Thursday that the emphasis should not be on NATO membership.
The specifics of the offer that might be given to Ukraine are complicated by the possibility that, by the time NATO members convene, assessments of the status of the ongoing counteroffensive will have altered. While at war with Russia, NATO could not extend an invitation to Ukraine to join the organization since doing so would oblige the organization to go to war with Moscow.
Last week, Juliette Smith, the US representative to NATO, told Politico “I think the allies now are in agreement that a proper invitation is unlikely while they’re engaged in a full-scale war.”
The concern is that if the Vilnius summit conveys to Ukraine a weak message, Putin may feel that the west’s backing is waning and that he may finally win the war or at the very least keep it frozen. Poland wants the emphasis to be on the guarantees that can be made prior to membership, including the ability of Ukraine to produce its own ammunition, maintain its access to guns and air power, and ensure that Ukrainian and NATO weapons can work together.
Joe Biden, the US president, is also being encouraged to forward the matter in Vilnius rather than delaying it until the Nato summit in Washington, D.C., which will take place in the midst of an election season dominated by the debate over whether the US should increase its defence ties with Europe.